VM – RTL

The RTL (Real-Time Linker) part of the VM is a module that receive code that is being downloaded and perform the last step of linking to create an executable binary. The way I do this is actually quite simple. I let the assembler create a special RTL format file that is sent one instruction at the time. The RTL instruction are simple commands as follows:

  •  Verify firmware name and version
  • Verify C module
  • Verify Plain Module
  • Add Instruction

 Each instruction contain a list of components as follows:

  • Lookup user opcode
  • Insert binary content “as is”.
  • Lookup function IX

At the end we are left with a binary instruction array that can be saved into a VM and started. I might add other bits, but I also want to keep this simple with a small footprint.

Interfacing C modules to the VM is done by letting the C modules add their interface to a small repository. We specify name, address of callback function and parameters. As the RTL lookup ix for functions we use the last part of the instruction array as a virtual index. Any attempt to call a function in virtual space will cause the VM to look for the IX in the C Interface repository and call that C function.

What is still a bit in the design is easyIPC objects. Any attempt to read/write virtual registers will call C functions that does the job. But, the actual read/write will need to happen to copied variables and we need a trigger mechanism to actually transfer a collection of variables known as a entity. The issue here is that we want to control that C functions read/write a consistent set of variables. I will return to the details here.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *